Ocean Station Network

The Marine ICOS observation network are based on Ships of Opportunity (SOOP; previously known as VOS), and Fixed Ocean Stations (FOS). We are also working towards getting Repeat Ocean Stations (ROS) accepted as a fully integrated station type so that we can achieve optimal monitoring. Experimental versions of this network have been tested during the EU-funded CARBOOCEAN project and FixO3.

Marine ICOS provides the coordination and support required to expand and maintain the network at the required level in the long-term. This requires the liaison of the different national groups within marine ICOS and work with the shipping industry to identify and agree access to ships and routes. The support of the shipping industry is a major factor in this work as they supply ship time worth many millions of euros if the work had to be done by research ships. Effective knowledge exchange with the shipping industry is achieved through the ICOS Ocean Thematic Centre.

The marine ICOS (ocean MSA) observational network currently builds on the lines and stations in the table below. The latest updates to this table, as well as more information on each line and stations, can be found at the Carbon Portals Station Labelling page.  OTC encourage other station owners and PIs to join marine ICOS. Information on how to become a member can be found here.


Platform Name

Principal Investigator(s)


Fixed Ocean Stations
  DE-FOS-CVOO Arne Körtzinger; Björn Fiedler; Johannes Karstensen; Tobias Steinhoff Germany
  IT-FOS-E2M3A Vanessa Cardin Italy
  DE-FOS-Hausgarten Thomas Soltwedel Germany
  IT-FOS-Miramare Michele Giani Italy
  BE-FOS-Thornton buoy Thanos Gkritzalis Belgium
  IT-FOS-PALOMA Anna Luchetta Italy
  UK-FOS-PAP Susan Hartman UK
  IT-FOS-W1M3A  Roberto Bozzano Italy
  UK-FOS-Western Channel Observatory Phillip Nightingale; Vassilis Kitidis; Ian Brown; Helen Findlay; Amanda Beesley UK
  SE-MFT-Östergarnsholm Anna Rutgersson Sweden
Ships of Opportunity    
  DE-SOOP-FINMAID Gregor Rehder; Michael Glockzin; Bernd Sadkowiak Germany
  BE-SOOP-Belgica Lieven Naudts Belgium
  FR-SOOP-France-Brazil Nathalie Lefèvre France
  NO-SOOP-G.O. Sars Ingunn Skjelvan Norway
  NO-SOOP-Kronprins Haakon Agneta Fransson Norway
  DE-SOOP-North Atlantic Voluntary Observing Ship Arne Körtzinger; Tobias Steinhoff Germany
  NO-SOOP-Nuka Arctica Are Olsen, Meike Becker Norway
  DE-SOOP-Polarstern Mario Hoppema; Steven van Heuven Germany
  BE-SOOP-Simon Stevin Thanos Gkritzalis Belgium
  UK-SOOP-Caribbean Andy Watson; Ute Schuster UK
  NO-SOOP-Trans Carrier Abdirahman Omar, Ingunn Skjelvan, Sigve Naustdal, Tor de Lange Norway
  SE-SOOP-Tavastland Anna Willstrand Wranne Sweden
  ES-SOOP-CanOA Melchor González Dávila Spain


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Last updated: 2019-09-24